In this module, we are continuing our brief consideration of “applied ethics” and will ask two interrelated questions:
Are there things money cannot or should not buy? A related question is: are there things that should not be valued according to market demand?
Ought there be limits to the contracts we make? If so, what are they? A related question is: what values intervene (or might intervene) in our ability to determine the morality of contracts? (i.e. if we initially hold to the idea that markets are moral, and then we begin to question whether certain things ought not be valued according to a market, doesn’t this question immediately demonstrate that we need a criteria other than the market to determine morality?)
To test the first question, we will look at moral arguments for and against military conscription. Should the government require all able citizens to serve in the military (and, if so, isn’t this a violation of a libertarian sense of freedom of choice)? Or, should the government institute a draft but allow people to buy their way out of it (i.e. create a market demand for exemption from military service)? Lastly, is there a moral difference between paying not to be drafted and paying taxes to fund a volunteer army to fight on our behalf?
To test the second question, we will look at moral arguments for and against pregnancy surrogacy. Is a contract between a surrogate and family ever completely consensual? Financial incentives obviously play a large role in being a surrogate in many cases (which is why it is vastly more common for a poor woman to be a surrogate for a wealthy family rather than a wealthy woman to be a surrogate for a poor family), so is the “contract” ever really mutual? Further, should surrogacy even be a market-driven enterprise in the first place? Does it ultimately amount to buying children?
After reading the text by Michael Sandel and watching the accompanying video, write a discussion board post that directly addresses either of the two questions summarized at the top of this page. Do so by (a) summarizing a specific topic from the video that Sandel addresses, (b) summarize what you feel to be the best moral argument from a student on that topic, (c) summarize what you consider to be the best moral counterargument, and then (d) expand on the “best” argument by defending it against the counterargument.
Start the video at 5:27 (it should start there automatically) and watch until the end. It totals 50 minutes.
We are not testing the morality of military service or pregnancy surrogacy in this module. Instead, we are using “military conscription” and “surrogacy contracts” as examples to test the morality of “markets.” Our question in this module is not whether it is moral to serve in the military, or whether it is moral to consent to being a pregnancy surrogate. Rather, our question in this module is simply: are markets moral?
This raises some interesting questions:
◦What makes a market moral?
◦If a market is moral insofar as it requires the mutual consent of contracting parties, who agree to an exchange from a position of equality and free of coercion, then do markets ever really meet this standard?
◦If there are “things” that should not be exchanged on a market, then what moral metric do we use to evaluate this market if not the freedom of the market itself?
Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers
All ourbpapers are written from scratch. In fact, Clients who ask for paraphrasing services are highly discouraged. We have writers ready to craft any paper from scratch and deliver quality ahead of time.
Professional and Experienced Academic Writers
Our writers keeps you posted on your papers progress - providing you with paper outline/draft. You are also at liberty to communicate directly with your writer.
Free Unlimited Revisions
If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee
All papers are always delivered on time, in many cases quite ahead of time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.
Original & Confidential
We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.
24/7 Customer Support
Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.
No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.
Admission Essays & Business Writing Help
An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.
Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.
If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.